Cathedral of Annunciation
The main cathedral of Voronezh and Lipetsk Eparchy, Cathedral of Annunciation is one of the main religious buildings in the city and by far the biggest. You simply can’t miss it – its massive domes can be seen from any point in the centre. A 5 minute walk from the train station, and it is right in front of you.
The 85-metre high (97 in its highest point) the cathedral is the third largest one in Russia (smaller only than Moscow’s cathedral of Christ the Savior and Saint Isaac's Cathedral in Saint Petersburg) and one of the largest in the Orthodox world. The construction was finished quite recently, only in 2009, lasting 11 years. Although some call it “reconstruction”, technically, Pervomayskiypark, where the massive building is now, never housed a church before and had always been just a city park. Hence the Soviet-style fence around it, which makes an interesting foreground for photographs.
The history of the first cathedral in Voronezh, named Cathedral of Annunciation, dates back either to 1692 or the very year of the city’s foundation – 1586. Then it was located on the hill now taken up by the main building of Voronezh State University.
Originally the church was wooden, it went through a number of reconstructions and renovations, was closed after the Revolution and completely destroyed during the WW II. The person in charge of construction of its first stone version was the first episcope of Voronezh, Saint Metrofan, the bronze monument to whom greets people in front of the newly built cathedral. Among many treasures of the church are Mitrofan’s and TikhonZadonskiy’s relics.